Journal of surviving Distin & Sons, Henry Distin and Distin & Co brass instruments, with archival and catalogue data

The Web address of this page is http://homepages.ed.ac.uk/am/gddj.html

Note: This list includes instruments made in the period 1872-1874 after Boosey & Co purchased the Distin & Co business but which have serial numbers in the Distin & Co sequences. There is a separate list for Boosey & Co brasswind with serial numbers in the Boosey & Co sequence.

This list includes instruments which are in one of the following categories:

  1. in a permanent museum collection
  2. mentioned in a publication such as an exhibition or auction catalogue, or listed on eBay
  3. The author (Arnold Myers) has examined the item
  4. details have been communicated by a private collector
  5. The instrument is not extant but I copied the details for research purposes (thus the list includes details from the archives of tenor euphonions, the very first Blaikley compensating instruments, the first ballad horns and some other items not known to have survived). These are denoted [ not located ].
Thus some of the data about inscriptions and bore sizes is recorded at first hand, and some is taken from publications and pictures.

$ denotes code for bore in pistons pages

BR denotes measured bore at valve cluster (mm)

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Distin & Sons

E♭ soprano saxhorn, bell forwards, silver-plated; stamped on bell with “AS” monogram and inscribed below “Distin & Sons Registered Sax Horn / Act 6 & 7 . Vie C 65. / Ad,, Sax & Cie,, à Paris,, 2047 / 29, Cranbourn St,, Leicester Sqe,, London.”.
[ Private collection ]
Adolphe Sax, Paris, 1845

F tenor saxotromba or bell-up trumpet, silver-plated; inscribed on bell “Sold by / Distin & Sons / 31 Cranbourn St., Leicester Sq. / LONDON”; on side of valve casings “1”, “2”, “3”; inscribed on mouthpiece receiver “E / 10”.
[ E.R. Mickleburgh; Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (887) ]
possibly Adolphe Sax, probably Paris, 1846-49

H. Distin without serial numbers, Cranbourn Street address

Ophicleide; stamped on bell “PARIS MAKE IMPORTED / BY / HENRY DISTIN / MILITARY INSTRUMENT / MAKER / 31 CRANBOURN ST. / LONDON”.
Probably early 1850s.
[ Private collection ]

B♭ cornet; stamped on bell “PARIS MAKE IMPORTED / BY / HENRY DISTIN / MILITARY INSTRUMENT / MAKER / 31 CRANBOURN ST. / LONDON”.
Probably early or mid 1850s.
[ Private collection ]

B♭ cornet, detachable bell; stamped on bell inside an engraved shield with an acanthus-like border “H. DISTIN / 31 / Cranbourn St. / Leicester Sq / London”.
[ Adam Carse; Horniman Museum 14.5.47/198 ]

Circular cornet, tuning at valve exit ferrule; stamped on bell “HENRY DISTIN / CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON”.
[ Hamamatsu Museum of Instruments A-0027R ]

Bugle in C, single coil; stamped on bell “NEW MODEL / BY / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 31 CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON”.
Estimated circa 1860.
[ Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (4113) ]

Bugle, double coil; stamped on bell with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow / “NEW MODEL / BY / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 31. CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON”.
Estimated circa 1860.
But-it-now on eBay ends 2013/Oct/09 06:20:49 PDT  ]

With serial numbers on bell only, Cranbourn Street address

391 (ophicleide in C; stamped on plaque on bell “H. DISTIN / 31 Cranbourn ST. / Leicester Sq / LONDON / 391”).
[ Boosey & Hawkes Collection 548; Horniman Museum 2004.1137 ]

415 (cornet in C; “H. DISTIN / 31 Cranbourn St / Cls 1 . 415”).
[ P.A.T. Bate; University of Oxford, Bate Collection x606) ]

501 (cornet; stamped on bell “501 / 31 CRANBOURN STRT. / H. DISTIN / MAKER / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON”).
[ Boosey & Hawkes Collection 705; Horniman Museum 2004.795 ]

562 (B♭ cornet; 1849-57, probably c 1851; Inscribed on bell: monogram GB / “BESSON / Breveté / 7 RUE DES / 3 COURONNES / A PARIS.”; also on bell near rim within shield “562 / H DISTIN / 31 / CRANBOURN ST / LEICESTER SQ / LONDON”).
[ Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (3271) ]

579 (soprano cornet; stamped on bell “579 / H. DISTIN / MAKER / 31. CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQE. / LONDON”).
[ Boosey & Hawkes Collection 706; Horniman Museum 2004.811 ]

785 (soprano trumpet ?; stamped on bell with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow / “No 785 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 31 CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS 1”).
Auction on eBay ends 2006/Oct/05 19:21:19 BST  ]
Lowest-numbered surviving with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow

1045 (cornet; stamped on bell with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow / “No 1045 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 31 CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS 1”).
[ Boosey & Hawkes Collection 707; Horniman Museum 2004.784 ]

1105 (B♭ cornet, rotary valves with tension springs in boxes).
Probably 1854 or soon after.
[ Royal Ontario Museum; see GSJ 1985 XXXVIII pp.52-53 ]

1180 (soprano cornet in E♭ etc; stamped on bell “No 1180 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 31 CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS. 1”; on bell at back with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow).
[ Crispian Steele-Perkins Collection; Royal College of Music Museum of Instruments 635 ]

1446 (alto or flugel horn in 4-ft C, 3 rotary valves; stamped on bell “No 1446 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 31 CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS. 1”).
[ Boosey & Hawkes Collection 708; Horniman Museum 2004.791 ]

1456 (alto or flugel horn in 4-ft C, 3 rotary valves, silver-plated; stamped on bell “No. 1456 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 31 CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS. 1”; on bell at back with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow).=
1849-57, probably c 1855
[ Christies London auction sale 21 March 1994 lot 264; Frank Tomes; Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (6087) ]

1465 (alto or flugel horn in 4-ft C etc, 3 rotary valves; stamped on bell at front in the form of an oval “No. 1465 / Henry Distin / MAKER / 31 Cranbourn St. / Leicester Square / London / CLs. 1”; on bell at back with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow).
[ Adam Carse; Horniman Museum 14.5.47/92 ]

1636 (alto or flugel horn in 4-ft C, 3 rotary valves, silver-plated; stamped on bell “No. 1636 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 31 CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS. 1”)
[ Christie's London auction sale 16 December 1975 lot 87; University of South Dakota, National Music Museum 1385 ]

1977 (“tenor tuba” (tenor saxhorn) in F etc; stamped on front of bell “No 1977 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 31. CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS.1”; on back of bell trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow).
1849-57, probably c 1855
[ Phillips London auction sale 11 August 1994 lot 17; Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (3545) ]

1987 (circular cornet, silver-plated; stamped quarter-front-underneath “No. 1987 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 31. CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS. 1”; stamped quarter-top-back with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow; no inscriptions on valves.)
1849-57, probably c 1855
[ Private collection, Germany ]

1998 (tenor, bell forwards, rotary valves; stamped quarter-front-underneath “No. 1998 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 31. CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS. 1”)
[ Private collection, U.S.A. ]

2205 (B♭ cornet; “No. 2205 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 31. CRANBOURN ST / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS 1”)
[ Sotheby's London auction sale 17 November 1977, lot 39; E.H. Tarr; Bad Säckingen exhibition c 1980; Trompetenmuseum Bad Säckingen 34220 ]

2371 (B♭ cornet, 3 side action rotary valves, silver; stamped on bell “No. 2371 / HENRY / DISTIN / MAKER / 31 CRANBOURN ST / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS 1” and with coat of arms; and with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow; also with hallmark HD).
According to the hallmark, assayed in 1856-57.
[ Christie's London auction sale 16 December 1975 lot 86; Hamamatsu Museum of Instruments A-0138R ]

2447 (B♭ cornet, rotary valves; “Perpendicular Rotary Cornet” model; stamped on bell “No. 2447 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 31. CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS. 1”)
Probably c 1857.
[ Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (5840) ]

With serial numbers on bell only, Cranbourn Street address and Great Newport Street address

2684 (possibly a tenor euphonion, 4 rotary valves; stamped on bell “No. 2684 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9. GRT NEWPORT ST / CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS. 1”).
Probably c 1858.
[ Boosey & Hawkes Collection 732; Horniman Museum 2004.1134 ]
Lowest-numbered surviving “GRT. NEWPORT ST.”

2698 (soprano trumpet; stamped on bell “No 2698 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9. GRT NEWPORT ST / CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS. 1”).
Probably c 1858.
Auction on eBay ends 2003/Mar/04 11:29:27 PST ; Private Collection, U.S.A. ]

2852 (cornet, silver-plated; stamped on bell “No. 2852 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 31. CRANBOURN ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON”)
Probably c 1858.
[ Sotheby's London auction sale 21 December 1972, lot 56 ]
Highest-numbered surviving with “CRANBOURN ST.” but not “GRT NEWPORT ST”

With serial numbers on bell only, Great Newport Street address

3030 (contrabass in F with crook for E♭).
[ Sold to the Marquis of Breadalbane 22 Nov 1859 ]

3113 (B♭ cornet, 3 rotary valves; stamped on bell with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow / “No 3113 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9.GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS. 1”).
[ Arnold Ruskin 9; University of South Dakota, National Music Museum 14278 ]

3228 (flugelhorn in B♭).
[ Sold to the Marquis of Breadalbane 22 Nov 1859 ]

3260 (Koenighorn in F; stamped on bell on with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow; andl “No 3260 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9.GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS. 1”; The above text is laid out in the form of an oval, the D trademark appears directly above the text. There is no HD monogram.
[ Adam Carse; Horniman Museum 14.5.47/161 ]

3283 (cornet).
[ Sold to the Marquis of Breadalbane 22 Nov 1859 ]

3333 (cornet, rotary valves; “Perpendicular Rotary Cornet” model; stamped on bell with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow; “No 3333 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9.GRT NEWPORT ST / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS 1”).
Probably c 1858.
[ Private collection, Britain ]

3372 (E♭ tenor ventil; stamped on bell “No 3372 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9.GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS. 1”; on back of bell with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow).
[ Utley 249; University of South Dakota, National Music Museum 7013 ]

3385 (cornet, electroplated).
[ Sold to the Marquis of Breadalbane 22 Nov 1859 ]

3399 (flugelhorn in B♭).
[ Sold to the Marquis of Breadalbane 22 Nov 1859 ]

3412 (valve trombone in B♭ with forward pointing bell).
[ Sold to the Marquis of Breadalbane 22 Nov 1859 ]

3500 (circular cornet; stamped on bell with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow; No 3500 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9.GRT NEWPORT ST / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS“ / Sold by Thompson Newcastle”; the serial is possibly 3509).
[ Tony Bingham; Wilhelm Bernoulli; Historisches Museum Basel 1980.2794 ]

3588 (circular tenor horn)
[ Recorded secondhand in Rudall Carte stock book 1: Sold 28 Dec 1869 -> Wargrave Schools ]
Possibly in later sequence

3943 (G bass slide trombone)
[ Recorded secondhand in Rudall Carte stock book 1: Sold 23 Sep 1873 -> Keat ]
Possibly in later sequence

4132 (cornet, rotary valves; “Perpendicular Rotary Cornet” model; stamped on bell with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow; “No 4132 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9.GRT NEWPORT ST / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS 1”).
[ Bingham; University of South Dakota, National Music Museum 10289 ]

4243 (B♭ cornet; stamped on bell “No 4243 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9.GRT NEWPORT ST / LONDON / CLS 1”; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”; below “121”.
Circa 1859-60.
[ Private collection, U.S.A. ]

4276 (E♭ tenor ventil; stamped on bell “No 4276 / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9.GRT NEWPORT ST / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS 1”; on back of bell with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”.
Circa 1859-60.
[ Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (576) ]

4741 (cornet, 3 string-action rotary valves; silver-plated; stamped on bell “No. 4741 / HENRY DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS. 1”; on back of bell with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow).
Probably 1862 or soon after.
[ John Webb; Royal Conservatoire of Scotland 336 ]

4760 (E♭ tenor ventil; stamped on bell “No 4760 / HENRY DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT NEWPORT ST / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS 1”; on back of bell with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” and “1024”.
Probably 1862 or soon after.
[ Private collection, Britain ]
Lowest-numbered surviving “HENRY DISTIN & CO.”

4870 (bombardon, 4 rotary valves in line; stamped on bell “No. 4870 / HENRY DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLs. 1”).
Probably 1862 or soon after.
[ Boosey & Hawkes Collection 741; Horniman Museum 2004.1183 ]

5362 (E♭ cornet; stamped on bell “No. 5362 / HENRY DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / ... 10 GRT. NEWPORT ... / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON”).
Probably 1862 or soon after.
[ Private collection ]

5509 (cornet, 3 Périnet valves; “.. / H. Distin / ... ”).
[ Wilhelm Bernoulli 794; Basle ]

5534 (E♭ cornet, brass; stamped on bell with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem / “No 5534 / HENRY DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10, GRT NEWPORT ST / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / CLS 1”).
Probably 1862 or soon after.
[ Charles Moore; University of Leicester CM 815 ]
Latest surviving with trademark of upper-case “D” with “DISTIN” vertically in stem and “LONDON” vertically in bow

H. Distin without serial numbers, Great Newport Street address

Cavalry trumpet; brass, with ball; inscribed on bell “HENRY DISTIN & CO / MAKERS/ 9 GRT NEWPORT ST / LONDON”.
Estimated circa 1858.
[ John Webb; Royal Conservatoire of Scotland 488 ]

“Alto tuba” (saxhorn contralto) in B♭, bell up; stamped on bell “HENRY DISTIN / LONDON / 9 GT. NEWPORT ST.”.
Estimated circa 1858.
[ Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (4545) ]

Bugle; two-coil, probably in B♭, copper with traces of silver-plate; inscribed on bell “NEWPORT BOROUGH RIFLES / Presented / to the Corps / by / HENRY DISTIN / May 1860.” / and “HENRY DISTIN / C & M / 1860 / 9 GRT NEWPORT ST / LONDON”)
[ John Webb; Royal Conservatoire of Scotland 231 ]

Cornet in B♭ etc; brass; engraved on bell at front “HENRY DISTIN / LONDON / 9 GT NEWPORT ST”; at back with GA-and-anchor trademark of Gautrot.
[ John Webb; Royal Conservatoire of Scotland 338 ]

Cavalry trumpet, probably in E♭, two-coil, brass, with ball; inscribed on bell “HENRY DISTIN / C & M / 1860 / 9 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON”; and on garland “Presented by / Mrs C. Gordon Robertson / TO THE 1ST COY OF KIN. ART. VOL. / Stonehaven 24th May 1860”.
[ John Webb; Royal Conservatoire of Scotland 487 ]

B♭ cornet, S-wrapped lead pipe, silver-plated; stamped on bell “HENRY DISTIN. / LONDON / 9 GT. NEWPORT ST.”.
Estimated circa 1858.
[ [ Private collection, Britain ]

E♭ cornet, no balustres; stamped on bell “PARIS MAKE IMPORTED / BY / HENRY DISTIN / MILITARY INSTRUMENT / MAKER / 9 GRT NEWPORT ST. / LONDON”.
[ Private collection, U.S.A. ]

B♭ cornet; 2 Stölzel, 1 Périnet; stamped on bell “HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9 GT NEWPORT ST. / LONDON”.
[ Private collection, U.S.A. ]

Cavalry trumpet; brass, with ball; inscribed on bell “HENRY DISTIN & CO / MAKERS/ 9&10 GT NEWPORT ST / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON”.
Probably 1862 or soon after.
[ John Webb; Royal Conservatoire of Scotland 489 ]

B♭ cornet, no balustres; stamped on bell “HY Distin / 9 & 10 Gt Newport St. / Leicester Sq. / London”.
Probably 1862 or soon after.
[ Adam Carse; Horniman Museum 14.5.47/34 ]

B♭ cornet, Stölzel valves; stamped on bell “Henry Distin & Co / Makers / 9 & 10 Gt Newport St. / Leicester Sq. / London”.
Probably 1862 or soon after.
[ Sotheby's London auction sale 3 April 1985 lot 237 ]

Bugle in C with B♭ crook, copper and brass, short, 2 coils; stamped on bell “... / Made by Henry Distin / C&M / 9 Gt Newport St. London / 1860” and “Presented to the Rgt Royal corps 1860”).
Auction on eBay ends 2009/Jun/01 10:12:07 BST  ]

??? (bugle. short, 2 coils; “... / H. DISTIN / LONDON / 1860”).
[ Wilhelm Bernoulli ; Historisches Museum Basel 1980.2519 ]

Bugle in C with B♭ crook; sterling silver; short, 2 coils; with crook; stamped on bell “Presented by the Ladies of Grantham / and the surrounding District / to the Members of / THE 3RD LINCOLNSHIRE RIFLE VOLUNTEER CORPS / JULY 26TH 1861” and “HY DISTIN . MAKER . LONDON”; also stamped in several places “HD” with hallmark including letter “e” in several places).
According to the hallmark, assayed in 1860.
Auction on eBay ends 2011/Dec/02 19:56:15 GMT  ]

With same serial numbers for instruments and pistons

1488; pistons 1488 (cornet; stamped on bell “No. 1488 / HENRY DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GT. NEWPORT ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON” and below “STREATHAM COMMON / TOTAL ABSTINENCE BAND”; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” and at bottom “1488”).
Probably 1862 or soon after.
[ Private collection, U.S.A. ]
Lowest-numbered surviving pistons with trademark of words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”

3588 (circular tenor horn)
[ Recorded secondhand in Rudall Carte stock book 1: Sold 28 Dec 1869 -> Wargrave Schools ]
Possibly in earlier sequence

3943 (G bass slide trombone)
[ Recorded secondhand in Rudall Carte stock book 1: Sold 23 Sep 1873 -> Keat ]
Possibly in earlier sequence

4796; pistons 1102 (cornet; stamped on bell “No. 4796 / HENRY DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON”; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” and at bottom “1102”).
Probably 1862 or soon after.
[ Private collection, Canada ]
It is possible that the valves and bell were not together originally

5626; pistons 5626 (B♭ cornet; sterling silver; stamped on bell “HY. DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 Gt. Newport Stt. / St. Martins Lane / LONDON” and “No. 5626”; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” and “5626”; also stamped in several places “HD” with hallmark including letter “h” in fourteen places).
According to the hallmark, assayed in 1863.
[ Phillips London auction sales 5.10.95 lot 44 and 14.12.95 lot 19;
Auction on eBay ends 2008/Aug/25 20:30:00 PDT ; Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (5889)]
Only surviving “St. Martins Lane” with recorded serial number
Highest-numbered surviving “HENRY DISTIN & CO”

(B♭ cornet; sterling silver; stamped on bell “H. DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 Gt. Newport Street. / St. Martins Lane / LONDON” and “March 9th 1864”;
According to the hallmark, assayed in 1863.
[ Sotheby's London auction sale 26 October 1972, lot 37 ]
Only surviving “St. Martins Lane” without recorded serial number

5906; pistons 5906 (cornet; 3 Périnet valves; nickel-plated brass; stamped on bell “HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9 & 10 GT. NEWPORT ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / No. 5906”; on 2nd valve “17” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “5906”).
Estimated circa 1865.
[ John Webb; Royal Conservatoire of Scotland 348 ]

6401; pistons 6401 (B♭ cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & Cos / Patent Light Valve / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 6401” with the “os” of “Cos” in superscript; on right side of 3rd valve “9”; on right side of 2nd valve at top, “8” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, no trace of “MAKER” inside;
at bottom “6401”; on right side of 1st valve “7”; on top and bottom caps “7” ... “9”)
Levy endorsement indicates probably 1865 or soon after
[ [ Tony Bingham, Old Brasswind Instruments: Catalogue No 10. London: Tony Bingham, 1983 item 36; Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (4098) ]
Lowest-numbered surviving “DISTIN & Cos.”
Lowest-numbered surviving bell with “Patent Light Valve” (Patent 1896 of 30 Jul 1864)
Lowest-numbered surviving bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” but not “TRADE MARK”

7484; pistons 7484 (euphonium; 3 valves plus register valve for left hand; stamped on bell “Patent Light Valve / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9 & 10 GT. NEWPORT ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / No. 7484”; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “7484”).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♮ Euphonion 4V long valve”; entered in stock 20 Nov 1868 as 20417 amongst “Aldershot & Old Stock”; “To 1870”. As 20417 “Bass B♮ 4 PLV (Patent)”; “To 1871”; “To 1872”; “To 1873”; “To 1874”; sold 28 Apr 1874 -> “Boosey & Co.”.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], (not recorded).
Estimated circa 1866.
[ Day 1891, item 418; Boosey & Hawkes Collection 736; Horniman Museum 2004.827 ]
Note that the new serial number, 20417, is not stamped on the instrument

7597; pistons 7597 (B♭ cornet; stamped on bell “DISTIN & Cos / Patent Light Valve / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / No. 7597”; on valves “7597”;
[ Private collection ]

8237 (B♭ soprano sarrusaphone; stamped on bell “HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9 & 10 GT. NEWPORT ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / No. 8237”).
Estimated circa 1866.
[ Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (4057) ]

9238 (E♭ alto sarrusaphone; stamped on bell “HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9 & 10 GT. NEWPORT ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / No. 9238”).
Estimated circa 1867.
[ Private collection ]

9288; pistons 9288 (E♭ bombardon, 4 valves; stamped on bell “WRV / HENRY DISTIN / MAKER / 9 & 10 GT. NEWPORT ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / No. 9288”; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “9288”).
Estimated circa 1867.
[ Private collection, Britain ]
Highest-numbered surviving “HENRY DISTIN”

9363 (Cornet, silver-plated; stamped on bell “DISTINS / Patent Light Valve / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LEICESTER SQUARE / LONDON / No. 9363”; on 2nd valve “8”, then words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”, and below “9396”).
[ Private collection, Britain ]

9476 (Cornet, silver-plated; stamped on bell “DISTINS / PATENT LIGHT VALVE / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / No. 9476”).
[ Tony Bingham stock 1970; not located ]

With different serial numbers for instruments and pistons

10198; pistons 10151
[ Private collection ]

10263; pistons 10244 (B♭ cornet, silver-plated; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & COS. / Patent Light Valve / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 10263” on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “10244”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Cornet (Electro) P.L.V”; entered in stock 30 Feb 1869; sold 15 Nov 1869 -> Boosey & Co N.Y.
[ Private collection ]

10265 (B♭ cornet.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Cornet (Electro) P.L.V”; entered in stock 9 Feb 1869; sold 11 Feb 1869 -> 1st/23rd. Regt.
not located ]

20295. (C duty bugle; two-coil, copper and brass; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & Co / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GT NEWPORT St. / LONDON / 20295”; apparently originally stamped “20095” with the “2” stamped over the “0”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Regulation Bugle”; entered in stock 15 Jan 1869; all sold 18 Jan 1869 -> Smith & Son.
[ Private Collection, Britain ]

20539; pistons ? (E♭ tenor euphonion).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “E♭ Tenor Euphonion E”; entered in stock 13 Mar 1869; sold 16 Mar 1869 -> 100th Regt.
not located ]

10333; pistons 10379 (echo cornet, silver=plated; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & CO. / Patent Light Valve / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 10333”; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *” [“MAKER” inside absent or worn away] / “10379”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Cornet (with Echo) P.L.V”; entered in stock 8 May 1869; sold 2 Sep 1869 -> H. Joy.
[ Vichy sale 15.12.12 lot  512 ]

10423; pistons ? (B♭ cornet)
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Cornet C3”; entered in stock 4 May 1869; sold 7 May 1869 -> Boosey & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], (not identifiable).
not located ]

10428; pistons 10215. (B♭ cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & Co / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GT NEWPORT St. / LONDON / 10428”; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “10215”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Cornet C3”; entered in stock 11 May 1869; sold 31 May 1869 -> Almond J.B.
[ Mormon Tabernacle; Claremont Colleges, Kenneth G. Fiske Museum B218; Phoenix MIM ]

20629; pistons ? (E♭ tenor euphonion).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “E♭ Tenor Euphonion E best”; “E♭ Tenor Euphonion Equisonant Pistons”; entered in stock 31 Jul 1869; sold 26 Jul 1870 -> B & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], 12540 “E♭ Tenor Euphonion”; entered in stock Jul 1869; sold 23 Jul 1870 -> 77th Regiment.
not located ]

20721; pistons 10332 (Bombardon; stamped on bell with Distin trademark
and “... / 9 & 10 Gt. Newport St. / ...”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “E♭ Bombardon 3V”; entered in stock 8 May 1869; sold 31 May 1869 -> Almond. J.B.
[ Private collection, U.S.A. ]

10476; pistons 10758 (B♭ cornet; BR=0.460 inches; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “Distin” / “Distin & Cos / Patent Light Valve / Cornet / Approved By / Levy / Manufactory / 9 & 10 Grt Newport St / London / 10476” with the “os” of “Cos” in superscript; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN LONDON”, no trace of “MAKER” inside / “10758”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Cornet P.L.V best No. 1”; entered in stock 1 Oct 1869; “To 1870”; sold 12 Feb 1870 -> Boosey & Co N.Y.
[ Private collection, U.S.A. ]

20990; pistons 11000 (ballad horn; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 20990”; on 2nd valve “14” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “11000”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], batch of 6 (20989-94), (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Ballad Horn in C P.L.V.”; entered in stock 5 Aug 1869; sold 7 Aug 1869 -> J. Baker.
[ Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (5836) ]

21144; pistons 11158 (ballad horn; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 21144”; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “11158”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], batch of 6 (21144-9), (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Ballad Horn in C plain P.L.V.”; entered in stock 24 Sep 1869; sold 24 Sep 1869 -> W. Mawe.
[ Private collection, Britain ]

21147; pistons 11161 (ballad horn; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 21147”; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “11161”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], batch of 6 (21144-9), (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Ballad Horn in C plain P.L.V.”; entered in stock 21 Sep 1869; sold 20 Sep 1869 -> P. Thompson.
[ John Webb; Royal Conservatoire of Scotland 398 ]

10579; pistons 11075 (B♭ cornet; stamped on bell “DISTIN & CO. / .... / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / ...”.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Cornet E”; entered in stock 2 Oct 1869; sold 24 Jan 1870 -> Boosey & Co.
[ [ Private collection ]

21290; pistons 11224 (ballad horn; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 21290”; on front of 3rd valve casing “9”; on front of 2nd valve casing “8 / 11224” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”; on front of 1st valve casing “7”; on top and bottom caps “7” ... “9”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], batch of 6 (21288-93), (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Ballad Horn plain P.LV”; entered in stock 27 Oct 1869; “To 1870”; sold 12 Feb 1870 -> Boosey & Co. N.Y.
[ Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (4086) ]

21321; pistons 11318 (ballad horn; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 21321”; on front of 2nd valve casing “... / 11318” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Ballad horn (plated) best P.L.V.”; entered in stock 13 Dec 1869; sold 7 Dec 1869 -> Boosey & Co.
[ Horniman Museum 2005.1 ]

10670 pistons 10609 (B♭ cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “Distin” / “DISTIN & COS / Patent Light Valve / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY / 9 & 10 GRT NEWPORT ST / LONDON / 10670”; stamped on 2nd valve “5” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”, below “10609”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Cornet (plated) P.L.V. 1”; entered in stock 24 Mar 1870; sold 14 Apr 1870 -> Embury W.E. (?).
[ Private Collection, Britain ]

21445; pistons  (ballad horn; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 21445”).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Ballad horn (plated) best P.L.V.”; entered in stock 11 Jun 1870.
Auction on eBay ends 2006/Oct/29 18:36:51 GMT ]

21659; pistons 11281 (ballad horn; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 21659”; stamped on 2nd valve “11” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”, below “11281”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], batch of 6 (21656-61), (given out prior to 1 Jun 1870).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Ballad Horn plain PLV”; entered in stock 9 May 1870; sold 7 May 1870 -> Mc.Calmont.
[ Bernard Hague 66; University of Glasgow, Hunterian Museum 112069 ]

22014; pistons 11410 (E♭ tenor euphonion).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were given out before 16 Jun 1870.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“E♭ Tenor Euphonion”, Class 3P.L.V.
Given out 1 Aug 1870; received 10 Aug 1870; given to polisher 10 Aug 1870; entered in stock 27 Aug 1870.
Paid for batch of 1, Bauer 31/6d + Clark 5/4d; 1/16/0 charged.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “E♭ Tenor Euphonion P.L.V.”; entered in stock 27 Aug 1870; “To 1871”; sold 10 Aug 1871 -> Boosey & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], “12946 E♭ Tenor Euphonion 3P.L.V.”; entered in stock 9 Aug 1871; sold 9 Aug 1871 -> 33rd Regiment.
not located ]

22108 (30-inch horn)
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Mooney.
“Large copper drag horn in B♭”.
Given out 27 Aug 1870; received 28 Aug 1870; given to polisher 30 Aug 1870; entered in stock 30 Aug 1870.
Paid Mooney for batch of 2 (with 22107 in C), 5/3d charged.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Large copper drag horn in B♭”; entered in stock 30 Aug 1870; sold 30 Aug 1870 -> Sunions(?).
not located ]

22140; pistons 9940 (E♭ tenor euphonion).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were given out before 16 Jun 1870.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“E♭ Tenor Euphonion”, Class P.L.V.
Given out 12 Sep 1870; received 3 Oct1870; given to polisher 29 Sep 1870; entered in stock 8 Oct 1870.
Paid for batch of 1, [maker not stated] 2/0/0.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “E♭ Tenor Euphonion P.L.V.”; “Tenor Euphonion Best P.L.V.”; “Tenor Euphonion P.L.V. Small model”; entered in stock 8 Oct 1870; “To 1871”; “To 1872”; “To 1873”; “To 1874”; sold 23 Mar 1874 -> Boosey & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], 14062 “Tenor Euphonion”;
entered in stock 2 Apr 1874; “To 1875”; “To 1876”,
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Books], “To 1883”; “To 1884”; “To 1885”; “To 1886”;
(no mention at 31 Dec 1895).
not located ]

22144; pistons 11096 (E♭ circular bombardon; stamped on bell “DISTIN /DISTIN & CO / MAKERS/ 10 GT NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 28144”; on 2nd valve “DISTIN / LONDON (written in circle with Distin on top and London around bottom) / 11096”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were given out before 16 Jun 1870.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Kurzendorfer.
“E♭ Circular Bombardon”, Class C17.
Given out 12 Sep 1870; received 14 Nov 1870; given to polisher 29 Nov 1870; entered in stock 6 Dec 1870.
Paid for batch of 2, Kurzendorfer 62/8d = Ghagan 12/4d; 3/15/-.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “E♭ Circular Bombardon C”; entered in stock 6 Dec 1870; sold 9 Dec 1870 -> B & Co NY.
[ Lewis Chasalow; Lanny Robbins (ITEA Journal Vol. 31 No. 4 Summer 2004 p.58) ]

22408; pistons 9518 (E♭ tenor euphonion).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were given out before 16 Jun 1870.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“E♭ Tenor Euphonion”, Class P.L.V.
Given out 12 Sep 1870; received 18 Sep 1870; given to polisher 19 Oct 1870; entered in stock 25 Oct 1870.
Paid Bauer for batch of 1, 521/2 hrs = 1/19/4.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “E♭ Tenor Euphonion (large) P.L.V.”; entered in stock 25 Oct 1870; sold 25 Oct 1870-> Royal Marines.
not located ]

11038; pistons 12095 (B♭ cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & CO. / Patent Light Valve / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 11038”; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”, below “12095”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Cornet Best” Class P.L.V.
Batch of 12 given out 30 Sep 1870; received 23 Nov 1870; made up 24 Dec 1870.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Hoyer.
“B♭ cornet”, P.L.V.
Given out 24 Dec 1870; received 13 Mar 1871; given to polisher 28 Apr 1871; entered in stock 9 Jun 1871.
Paid Hoyer for batch of 8, 5/16/-.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ cornet PLV 1”; entered in stock 9 Jun 1871; sold 10 Jun 1871 -> Gray.
[ Wilhelm Bernoulli; Historisches Museum Basel 1980.2429 ]

11039; pistons 12096 (B♭ cornet, silver-plated; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & Cos. / Patent Light Valve / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 11039”)
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Cornet Best” Class P.L.V.
Batch of 12 given out 30 Sep 1870; received 23 Nov 1870; made up 24 Dec 1870.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Hoyer.
“B♭ cornet”, P.L.V.
Given out 24 Dec 1870; received 13 Mar 1871; given to polisher 18 Apr 1871; entered in stock 25 Apr 1871.
Paid Hoyer for batch of 8, 5/16/-.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ cornet PLV 1 (plated)”; entered in stock 21 Apr 1871; sold 30 May 1871 -> Neuzerling.
[ [ Private collection, Britain ]

22680; pistons 10409 (contrabass valve trombone in B♭).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons given out prior to 1 Jun 1870.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Kurzendorfer.
“B♭B♭ Trombone” Class 3EP.
Given out 20 Jan 1871; received 26 Jan 1871; given to polisher 27 Jan 1871; entered in stock 30 Jan 1871.
Paid for batch of 1, Kurzendorfer 38/7d + Ghagan 7/1d; 2/5/8.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “BB♭ Trombone 3EP”; entered in stock 30 Jan 1871; sold 4 Feb 1871 -> Busby.
not located ]

22939; pistons 12705 (french horn, G to D♭ tuning-slide crooks; BR=11.70; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 22939 / D.M.P.”; stamped on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”, below “12705”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by J. Rockaerts.
“French Horn P.L.V”.
Batch of 2 given out 18 Apr 1871; received 8 May 1871; made up 1 May 1871.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“French Horn G to D♭ P.L.V”.
Given out 1 May 1871; received 13 May 1871; given to polisher 6 Jul 1871; entered in stock 15 Dec 1871.
Paid for batch of 3, Bauer 1651/2 hrs = 6/4/2 + Stanton 241 hrs = 1/17/4; 8/1/6.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “French Horn G to D♭ P.L.V 47” entered in stock 20 Dec 1871, “To 1872”; “French Horn P.L.V. best G 3V”, “To 1873”; “French Horn P.L.V. best in G”, “To 1874”; “French Horn P.L.V. best in G A47”, sold 26 Mar 1874 -> Boosey & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], 14039 “G French Horn 6 Slides A” entered in stock 1 Apr 1874, “To 1875”; “To 1876”. According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Books], 14039, “To 1883”; “To 1884”; “To 1885”; “To 1886”; sold by 31 Dec 1895.
[ Museum of Army Music, Royal Military School of Music, Kneller Hall, London, 120 ]

22950 (alto slide trombone in F).
According to the firm's archives [instruments books], the instrument was made by Sendlick.
“E♭ F Alto Slide Trombone”, Class C19 [the “E♭” crossed out and “F” added].
Given out 3 May 1871; received 5 May 1871; given to polisher 5 May 1871; entered in stock 6 May 1871
Paid for batch of 1, 18 hrs = 7/6d.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “F Alto Slide Trombone C19”; entered in stock 6 May 1871; sold 6.5 71 -> Bere.
not located ]

23138; pistons 12026 (ballad horn; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 23138”.
According to the firm's archives [pistons books], the pistons were made by Rockaerts Jr.
“Ballad horn best (G.S” Class C.
Batch of 6 (12021-6) given out 3 Aug 1870; made up 5 Jul 1871.
According to the firm's archives [instruments books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“Ballad Horn best”, Class P.L.V.
Given out 5 Jul 1871; received 27 Jul 1871; given to polisher 25 Jul 1871; charged to Regent Street 26 Aug 1871.
Paid for batch of 4 (23135-38), Bauer 117½ hrs = 4/8/2 + Stanton 115 hrs = 19/0d; 5/7/2 charged to Regent Street.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Ballad horn best (plated)”; entered in stock 26 Aug 1871; sold 8 Dec 1871 -> R.H. Outram or Owtram.
[ Private collection, Britain ]

23179; pistons 12648 (post horn or drag horn).
[ Private collection, Britain ]

23314; pistons 12648 (E♭ tenor euphonion).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by J. Rockaerts
“Baritone” Class C.
Batch of 12 given out 5 Apr 1871; received 22 Jun 1871; made up 7 Aug 1871.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“E♭ Tenor Euphonion”, Class C.
Given out 7 Aug 1871; received 9 Aug 1871; given to polisher 13 Aug 1871; entered in stock 16 Aug 1871.
Paid for batch of 1, Bauer 19/2d + Stanton 4d = 19/6d.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “E♭ Tenor Euphonion C”; entered in stock 16 Aug 1871; sold 23 Aug 1871 -> Ottawa Brig. Sar [?].
not located ]

23321; pistons 9943 (E♭ tenor euphonion).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were given out before 16 Jun 1870.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“E♭ Tenor Euphonion”, Class E.
Given out 9 Aug 1871; received 17 Aug 1871; given to polisher 14 Aug 1871; entered in stock 19 Sep 1871.
Paid Bauer for batch of 2, 551/2 hrs = 2/1/8.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “E♭ Tenor Euphonion (small) E”; entered in stock 19 Sep 1871; sold 19 Sep 1871 -> Boosey & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], “12950 E♭ Tenor Euphonion small bore”; entered in stock 19 Sep 1871; sold 30 Sep 1871 -> HH The Guicoar of Baurdk [?].
not located ]

23322; pistons 9945 (E♭ tenor euphonion).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were given out before 16 Jun 1870.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“E♭ Tenor Euphonion”, Class E.
Given out 9 Aug 1871; received 17 Aug 1871; given to polisher 14 Aug 1871; entered in stock 19 Sep 1871.
Paid Bauer for batch of 2, 551/2 hrs = 2/1/8.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “E♭ Tenor Euphonion (small) E”; entered in stock 19 Sep 1871; sold 19 Sep 1871 -> Boosey & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], “12951 E♭ Tenor Euphonion small bore”; entered in stock 19 Sep 1871; sold 30 Sep 1871 -> HH The Guicoar of Baurdk [?].
not located ]

11316; pistons 12859 (B♭ cornet with C attachment and A shank; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & Cos. / Patent Light Valve / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 11316” with the “os” of “Cos” in superscript; stamped on the 2nd valve “12859”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Cornet No. 7 best” Class P.L.V.
Batch of 12 given out 27 Jun 1871; received 28 Jul 1871; made up 25 Aug 1871.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Hoyer.
“B♭ Cornet”, Class P.L.V.
Given out 25 Aug 1871; received 14 Sep 1871; given to polisher 13 Sep 1871; entered in stock 15 Nov 1871.
Paid for batch of 12, Hoyer 180 hrs = 6/15/0 + Seidel 149 hrs = 3/2/1 lest cost of 12 water keys 1/12/3; 7/4/10.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Cornet (plated)”; entered in stock 15 Nov 1871; sold 23 Dec 1871 -> J. Maffie.
[ Private collection ]

23760; pistons 12745 (circular bombardon in E♭; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & CO / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT NEWPORT St. / LONDON / 23760”; on 2nd valve “DISTIN / LONDON / 12745”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by French.
“Circular Contrabass” Class C.
Batch of 12 given out 25 May 1871; received 19 Jun 1871; made up 28 Sep 1871.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Kurzendorfer.
“E♭ Circular Bombardon”, Class C17.
Given out 28 Sep 1871; received 8 Nov 1871; given to polisher 11 Oct 1871; entered in stock 10 Nov 1871.
Paid for batch of 2, Kurzr. 72s + Ghagan 12/9d; 4/4/9.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “E♭ Bombardon (circular Class C” entered in stock 10 Nov 1871; “To 1872”; sold 10 Feb 1872 -> Boosey & Co N.Y.
[ Duke University, Eddy Collection 342 ]

23781; pistons 13205 (E♭ tenor euphonion).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkindern.
“Tenor Euphonion” Class P.L.V.
Batch of 2 given out 30 Sep 1871; received 6 Oct 1871; made up 4 Oct 1871.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“E♭ Tenor Euphonion”, Class P.L.V.
Given out 4 Oct 1871; received 2 Oct 1871 [sic, probably 2 Nov]; given to polisher 2 Nov 1871; entered in stock 10 Nov 1871.
Paid for batch of 1, Bauer + Stanton 1/4/0.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “E♭ Tenor Euphonion (large) P.L.V.”; entered in stock 10 Nov 1871; sold 9 Nov 1871 -> Boosey & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], 13045 “E♭ Tenor Euphonion P.L.V.”; entered in stock Nov 1871; sold 11 Nov 1871 -> 50th Regiment.
not located ]

23971 (B♭ contrabass slide trombone)
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Kurzendorfer.
“BB♭ Bass slide trombone”.
Given out 23 Nov 1871; received 2 Dec 1871; given to polisher 2 Dec 1871; entered in stock 7 Dec 1871.
Paid for batch of 1, Kurzr. 52/6d + Ghagan 3/6d; 2/16/-.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “BB♭ Slide Trombone” entered in stock 7 Dec 1871; sold 7 Dec 1871 -> Boosey & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], 13129 “B♭B♭ Slide Trombone D & Co”; entered in stock 9 Dec 1871; sold 9 Dec 1871 -> S.A. Chappell.
not located ]

24082; pistons ????? (ballad horn; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 24082”.
[ Fruchtkasten Museum, Stuttgart ]

24173; pistons 13467 (Ballad horn with fixed mouthpipe, tuning-slides for C and B♭, bell diameter 236; “DISTIN & CO / 9 & 10 GT NEWPORT ST / 24173 / PATENT LIGHT VALVE”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Ballad Horn best” Class PLV.
Batch of 12 given out 23 Nov 1871; received 9 Jan 1872; made up 13 Jan 1872.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“C French Horn (Ballad Horn) P.L.V.”.
Given out 13 Jan 1872; received 17 Jan 1872; given to polisher 18 Jan 1872; entered in stock 15 Feb 1872.
Paid for batch of 1, Bauer 21/4d + Stanton 8d; 1/2/-.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Ballad Horn (large bell) PLV best”; entered in stock 15 Feb 1872; sold 22 Feb 1872 -> Bieber.
[ P.A.T. Bate; University of Oxford, Bate Collection x617 ]

John Webb is correct in stating that it is indeed a ballad horn, however it is not as he suggests “Distin's first model” but rather a one-off special with its unique large (french horn size) bell. The fact that it was sold very soon (22 Feb 1872) after it was ordered from the workshop (13 Jan 1872) suggests that perhaps it was specially built for a customer rather than being an experiment of Blaikley.

11548; pistons 13275 (B♭ cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & Cos. / Patent Light Valve / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 11548” with the “os” of “Cos” in superscript; stamped on 2nd valve “93” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “13275”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Cornet best” $6 Class P.L.V.; added in red “m&c”.
Batch of 12 given out 24 Oct 1871; received 23 Dec 1871; made up 13 Jan 1872.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Hoyer.
“B♭ Cornet”, Class P.L.V. With water key.
Given out 13 Jan 1872; received 29 Feb 1872; given to polisher 21 Feb 1872; entered in stock 20 Apr 1872.
Paid for batch of 18, Hoyer 1621/2 hrs = 6/1/10 + Seidel 247 hrs = 5/2/11 + Wernst 131 hrs = 3/16/5; 15/1/2 “inc double water keys to 15”.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ cornet eng & plated P.L.V.1”; entered in stock 20 Apr 1872; sold 10 Feb 1872 -> Boosey & Co N.Y.
[ Private collection ]

11552; pistons 13597 (C cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & Cos. / Patent Light Valve / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 11552” with the “os” of “Cos” in superscript).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Cornet (No. 6 best.)” $6 Class P.L.V.
Batch of 12 given out 3 Jan 1872; received 9 Feb 1872; made up 13 Jan 1872.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Hoyer.
“C Cornet”, Class P.L.V. Without water key.
Given out 13 Jan 1872; received 29 Feb 1872; given to polisher 14 Mar 1872; entered in stock 2 May 1872.
Paid for batch of 18, Hoyer 1621/2 hrs = 6/1/10 + Seidel 247 hrs = 5/2/11 + Wernst 131 hrs = 3/16/5; 15/1/2 “inc double water keys to 15”.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “C cornet eng & plated P.L.V.1”; entered in stock 2 May 1872; “To 1873”; sold 17 May 1872 -> B & Co. NY.
[ Private collection ]

11554; pistons 13699 (C cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & Cos. / Patent Light Valve / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 11554” with the “os” of “Cos” in superscript).
Given out in 1872.
Auction on eBay ends 2010/Feb/25 19:47:05 GMT ]

11572; pistons 13652 (B♭ cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“B♭ Attach (for small cornet)” $ Class P.L.V.
Batch of 1 given out 17 Jan 1872; received 19 Jan 1872; made up 19 Jan 1872.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Hoyer.
“B♭ Cornet (small model)”.
Given out 19 Jan 1872; received 24 Jan 1872; given to polisher 24 Jan 1872; entered in stock 7 Feb 1872.
Paid for batch of 1, Hoyer 38 hrs (including making slides) = 1/8/6.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ cornet plated P.L.V. Min”; entered in stock 7 Feb 1872; sold 9 Feb 1872 -> E. Koch.
[ Private collection ]

24445 (duty trumpet).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Wernst.
“Duty Trumpet”,.
Given out 20 Mar 1872; received 28 Mar 1872; given to polisher 25 Mar 1872; entered in stock 6 Apr 1872.
Paid for batch of 3 (24443-5) together with 75 cavalry trumpets (24361-24435), Wernst [and others] 8/4/5.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Duty trumpet”; entered in stock 6 Apr 1872; sold 23 Mar 1874 -> B. & Co.
[ Boosey & Hawkes Collection per Chatwin 137; current loction not known ]

11658; pistons 13855 (B♭ pocket cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & Cos. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 11658”; stamped on 2nd valve “8 / 13855”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Cornet Min” $6 Class P.L.V.
Batch of 6 (13851-6) given out 4 Mar 1872; received 20 Mar 1872; made up 20 Mar 1872.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Hoyer.
“B♭ Cornet Min”, Class P.L.V.
Given out 20 Mar 1872; received 4 Apr 1872; given to polisher 4 Apr 1872; entered in stock 23 Apr 1872.
Paid for batch of 5 (11655-59), Hoyer 82 hrs = 3/1/6 + Seidel 2/0/3; 5/1/9.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ cornet Plated P.L.V.”; entered in stock 23 Apr 1872; sold 29 Apr 1872 -> Cav.
Auction on eBay ends 2005/Dec/21 17:29:35 GMT ]

11752; pistons 13751 (B♭ cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & Cos. / Patent Light Valve / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 11572” with the “os” of “Cos” in superscript).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Cornet (No. 6 best.)” $6 Class P.L.V.
Batch of 12 given out 30 Jan 1872; received 4 May 1872; made up 30 May 1872.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Hoyer.
“B♭ Cornet”, Class P.L.V.
Given out 30 May 1872; received 3 Jul 1872; given to polisher 3 Jul 1872; entered in stock 21 Aug 1872.
Paid for batch of 12, Hoyer 1601/2 hrs = 6/-/5 + Seidel 130 hrs = 2/19/7; 9/-/-, 15/- each.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ cornet (plated) P.L.V.1”; entered in stock 21 Aug 1872; “To 1873”; sold 14 Feb 1873 -> Brocklehurst.
[ Private collection ]

11765; pistons 14237 (B♭ miniature cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & Co. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 11765”; stamped on 2nd valve “2 / 14237”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Cornet (min)” Class P.L.V.
Batch of 6 (14232-7) given out 30 May 1872; received 18 Jun 1872; made up 1 Jun 1872.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Hoyer.
“B♭ Cornet Min”, Class P.L.V.
Given out 1 Jun 1872; received 19 Jun 1872; given to polisher 19 Jun 1872; entered in stock 10 Sep 1872.
Paid for batch of 6 (11760-5), Hoyer 941/2 hrs = 3/10/6 + Seidel 70 hrs = 1/9/2; 4/19/8, 16/7d each.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ cornet (plated) P.L.V Min”; entered in stock 10 Sep 1872; sold 2 Oct 1872 -> Attenborough.
[ Sotheby's London auction sale 20 November 1980 lot 111; Private collection, U.S.A. ]

24675; pistons 14053 (F Bombardon; According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by V. Rockaerts.
“Contrabass” Class C.
Batch of 12 given out 11 Apr 1872; received 12 Jul 1872; made up 10 Jun 1872 [sic].
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“F Bombardon 4V”, Class E.
Given out 10 Jun 1872; received 18 Jun 1872; given to polisher 27 Jun 1872; entered in stock 29 Jun 1872.
Paid for batch of 1, Bauer 25/2d + Stanton 10/4d; 1/15/6.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “F Bombardon 4V E135”; entered in stock 29 Jun 1872; sold 28 Jun 1872 -> B & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], 13366 “F Bombardon 4V D & Co”; entered in stock 29 Jun 1872; “To 1873”; sold 9 Dec 1873 -> C. Gould Esq.
not located ]

24886; pistons 14268 (E♭ bombardon, 3 valves; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 24886”; stamped on 2nd valve “?” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”, below “14268”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by V. Rockerts.
“Contrabass” Class 4PLV.
Batch of 6 (14263-8) given out 1 Jun 1872; received 19 Jul 1872; made up 31 Jul 1872.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“E♭ Bombardon”, Class A39.
Given out 31 Jul 1872; received 19 Aug 1872; given to polisher 15 Aug 1872; entered in stock 24 Aug 1872.
Paid for batch of 3 (24884-6), Bauer 138 hrs = 5/3/6 + Stanton 124 hrs = 1/7/2; 6/10/8 charged to Regent Street; 2/3/7 each.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “E♭ Bombardon Class A39”; entered in stock 24 Aug 1872; sold 22 Aug 1872 -> B & Co. N.Y.
[ per Al Rice;
Auction on eBay ends 2004/Feb/16 03:42:15 PST (according to vendor `The instrument is reported to have once been owned by John Phillips Sousa, and was given by Sousa as a gift to Daniel Perkins, a close personal friend of Sousa and the director of the Garden City (New York) high school marching band.'); Phil Holcomb May 2006 ]

24917 (circular bombardon).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Macfadden.
“E♭ Circular Bombardon”, Class C17.
Given out 13 Aug 1872; received 23 Aug 1872; given to polisher 21 Aug 1872; entered in stock 23 Aug 1872.
Paid for batch of 2 (24917-8), Macfadden 54/7d + Squire 911d; 3/4/6 charged to Regent Street.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “E♭ Circular Bombardon Class C17”; entered in stock 23 Aug 1872; sold 22 Aug 1872 -> B & Co. N.Y.
[ Private collection ]

24996; pistons 14495 (B♭ flugel; BR=11.0; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 24996”; stamped on 2nd valve “8” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”, below “14995”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by V. Rockaerts.
“Alto” $3 Class P.L.V.
Batch of 6 given out 15 Aug 1872; received 31 Aug 1872; made up 2 Sep 1872.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Seidel.
“B♭ Alto”, Class A10.
Given out 2 Sep 1872; received 12 Sep 1872; given to polisher 5 Sep 1872; entered in stock 16 Sep 1872.
Paid Seidel for batch of 2, 1/4/-.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Alto A10”; entered in stock 16 Sep 1872; sold 12 Sep 1872 -> B & Co. N.Y.
[ Utley 292; University of South Dakota, National Music Museum 7056 ]

25021; pistons 14226 (ballad horn; BR=11.7; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 25021”; stamped on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”, below “14226”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Jacob.
“Ballad Horn plain” $6 Class P.L.V.
Batch of 12 given out 29 May 1872; received 13 Sep 1872; made up 9 Sep 1872.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“Ballad Horn plain”.
Given out 9 Sep 1872; received 18 Sep 1872; given to polisher 18 Sep 1872; entered in stock 28 Sep 1872.
Paid for batch of 4, Bauer 65 hrs = 2/8/9 + Stanton 651/2 hrs = 14/6d; 3/3/3 for 4 @ 15/10d.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Ballad Horn plain P.L.V”; entered in stock 28 Sep 1872; sold 27 Sep 1872 -> J.G. Wood.
[ A. Shivas; Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (3615) ]

25368; pistons 13204 (C & B♭ baritone).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkindern.
“Tenor Euphonion” $81/2 Class P.L.V.
Batch of 2 given out 30 Sep 1871; received 6 Oct 1871; made up 23 Nov 1872.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“C & B♭ baritone”, Class A50.
not located ]

11856; pistons 14312 (miniature cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO. / MAKER / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 11856”; on 2nd valve “11” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “14312”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Cornet Min” Class P.L.V.
Batch of 6 (14312-7) given out 15 Jun 1872; received 19 Sep 1872; made up 11 Sep 1872.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Hoyer.
“B♭ cornet Min”, P.L.V.
Given out 11 Sep 1872; received 4 Oct 1872; given to polisher 27 Sep 1872; entered in stock 11 Dec 1872.
Paid Hoyer for batch of 6 (11856-61), 147 hrs = 5/10/3.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Cornet PLV Min”, P.L.V.; entered in stock 11 Dec 1872; sold 11 Dec 1872 -> B. & Co.
[ Hamamatsu Museum of Instruments A-0030R ]

11858; pistons 14314 (miniature cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO. / MAKER / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 11858”; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “14314”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Cornet Min” Class P.L.V.
Batch of 6 (14312-7) given out 15 Jun 1872; received 19 Sep 1872; made up 11 Sep 1872.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Hoyer.
“B♭ cornet Min”, P.L.V.
Given out 11 Sep 1872.
Paid Hoyer for batch of 6 (11856-61), 147 hrs = 5/10/3.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Cornet PLV Min”, P.L.V.

[ Private collection, U.S.A. ]

25642; pistons 15258 (B♭ ventil trombone; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT NEWPORT STT / LONDON / 25642”; stamped on 2nd valve “2” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”, below “15258”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Jacob.
“Ventil trombone (g.s.)” $81/2.
Batch of 1 given out 3 Mar 1873; received 6 Mar 1873; made up 10 Mar 1873.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Kurzendorfer.
“B♭ ventil trombone”, Class GS.
Given out 10 Mar 1873; received 17 Mar 1873; given to polisher 19 Mar 1873; entered in stock 25 Mar 1873.
Paid for batch of 1, Kurzendorfer 45/0d + Ghagan 5/0d; 2/10/0.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ ventil trombone”; entered in stock 25 Mar 1873; sold 31 Mar 1873 -> B & Co N.Y.
[ Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments (4631) ]

12125; pistons 14901 (miniature cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 12125”; on 2nd valve with “5” and “14901”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Cornet B♭ Min” Class P.L.V.
Given out 14 Dec 1872; received 24 Mar 1873; made up 19 Mar 1873.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Hoyer.
“B♭ Min cornet”, P.L.V.
Given out 19 Mar 1873; received 3 Apr 1873; given to polisher 4 Apr 1873; entered in stock 10 Apr 1873.
Paid for batch of 6 (12124-9), Hoyer 1301/2 hrs = 4/17/10 + Squire 128 hrs = 16/4d; #5/14/2 charged / 19/0d each (including mending slides).
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Cornet (plated)”, P.L.V. entered in stock 10 Apr 1873; sold 16 Jun 1873 -> Mrs Gradwell.

Auction on eBay ends 28 Aug 2013 13:04:14 PDT ]

25677; pistons 14794 (ballad horn; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT NEWPORT STT / LONDON / 25677”; stamped on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”, below “14794”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Ballad Horn plain” $6 Class P.L.V.
Batch of 12 given out 8 Nov 1872; received 28 Dec 1872; made up 21 Mar 1873.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“Ballad Horn plain”, P.L.V.
Given out 21 Mar 1873; received 17 Apr 1873; given to polisher 17 Apr 1873; entered in stock 12 May 1873.
Paid for batch of 4, Bauer 691/2 hrs = 2/12/2 + Stanton 1271/2 hrs = 1/8/-; 4/-/2 for 2 “plain” @ 16/6 + 2 “best” @ 23/7.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Ballad Horn plain P.L.V”; entered in stock 12 May 1873; sold 6 Jun 1873 -> B & Co (the latter date perhaps settlement rather than despatch ?).
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], 13662 entered in stock by 6 May 1873 as “C Ballad horn 256?7 9/9/” (not legible); sold 15 May 1873 -> W. Ganz Esq.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], 15570 in stock by 1 Jan 1875 as “C Ballad horn”; sold 12 Jan 1875 -> Metzler & Co.
(Possibly sold in 1873 and re-purchased 1874.)
[ Jeremy Montagu Collection VII-216 ]
Note that the new serial number is not stamped on the instrument

25678; pistons 14795 (ballad horn; BR=11.60; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT NEWPORT STT / LONDON / 25678”; stamped on 2nd valve “20” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “14795”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Ballad Horn plain” $6 Class P.L.V.
Batch of 12 given out 8 Nov 1872; received 28 Dec 1872; made up 21 Mar 1873.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“Ballad Horn plain”, P.L.V.
Given out 21 Mar 1873; received 17 Apr 1873; given to polisher 17 Apr 1873; entered in stock 15 May 1873.
Paid for batch of 4, Bauer 691/2 hrs = 2/12/2 + Stanton 1271/2 hrs = 1/8/-; 4/1/2 for 2 “plain” @ 16/6 + 2 “best” @ 23/7.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Ballad Horn plain P.L.V”; entered in stock 15 May 1873; sold 17 May 1873 -> Tuthill.
[ Private collection, France ]

25741; pistons 15415 (lied horn, bell down in C with alternative crooks for Bb and A; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT NEWPORT ST / LONDON / 25741”; stamped on 2nd valve “2” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “15415”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“C Ventil Horn (balustres) Best” $6 Class P.L.V.
Batch of 1 given out 16 Apr 1873; received 21 Apr 1873; made up 21 Apr 1873.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“C Alto Koenig Horn”, P.L.V.
Given out 21 Apr 1873; received 26 May 1873; given to polisher 5 Jun 1873; entered in stock 4 Jul 1873.
Paid for batch of 1, Bauer 38/3d + Stanton 9d; 1/19/-.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], 25741 “C Alto Koenig Horn PLV”; entered in stock 4 Jul 1873, “To 1874”,
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], 25741; “Lied Horn Flugel Bell”; brought forward from 1873; sold 20 Mar 1874 -> Boosey & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], 14003 “C Lied horn”; entered in stock 20 Mar 1874; sold 20 Mar 1874 -> Groening.
see 14003 in gdsj
[ Tony Bingham; Wilhelm Bernoulli; Historisches Museum Basel 1980.2568 ]
Note that the new serial number, 14003, is not stamped on the instrument

25948; pistons 15004 (euphonium; stamped on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”, below “15004”).
According to the firm's archives [pistons books], the pistons were made by V. Rockaerts.
“Bass” $10 Class C.
Batch of 12 given out 20 Dec 1872; received 7 Feb 1873; made up 10 Jun 1873.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Mackay.
“B♭ Bass”, Class B36.
Given out 10 Jun 1873; received 4 Jul 1873; given to polisher 9 Jul 1873; entered in stock 24 Jul 1873.
Paid for batch of 6, Mackay 1851/2 hrs = 5/11/4 + Wheeley 208 hrs = 1/6/8; 6/18/-.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Euphonion B36”; entered in stock 24 Jul 1873; sold 25 Jul 1873 -> B. & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], (not identifiable).
[ valve cluster only = Duke University, Eddy Collection 382 ]

26026; pistons 15630 (C euphonium).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by V. Rockaerts.
“Euphonion (C)” $10 Class P.L.V. “New model 5 passages to each pump”.
Batch of 1 given out 17 Jun 1873; received 20 Jun 1873; made up 4 Jul 1873.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Kurzendorfer.
“C Bass (new pistons)”, Class A36.
Given out 4 Jul 1873; received 10 Jul 1873; given to polisher 9 Jul 1873; entered in stock 21 Nov 1873.
Paid for batch of 1, Kurzr. 44/7d + Ghagan 8/9d; 2/13/4.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “C Euphonion (new model pistons) A36”; entered in stock 21 Nov 1873; “To 1874”; brought forward 1 Jan 1874, “(``Perfected'') Patent Lt Valves (``A'') Euphonion C”; sold 28 Apr 1874 -> Boosey & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], “C Euphonion (``perfected'') A36 26026”; entered in stock May 1874 as 14155; sold 14 May 1874 -> Jno. Elliott.
not located ]
First ``perfected'' (i.e., compensating) pistons

12390; pistons 15372 (cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & Cos. / Patent Light Valve / CORNET / APPROVED BY / Levy / MANUFACTORY / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 12390” with the “os” of “Cos” in superscript); on 2nd valve “17” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “15372”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Jacob.
“B♭ Cornet”, Class PLV 1A.
Given out 30 Aug 1873; received 14 Oct 1873; given to polisher 27 Nov 1873; entered in stock 8 Jan 1874.
Paid for batch of 12 (12385-96), Jacob 1601/2 hrs = 6/0/5 + Squire 227 hrs = 1/9/1; 7/9/6 charged.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Cornet A”; entered in stock 8 Jan 1874; sold to 12 Jan 1874 -> Boosey & Co NY.

Auction on eBay ends 2006/Jun/03 04:19:14 BST ]

26552; pistons 14451 (F Bombardon; According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by V. Rockaerts.
“Contravass 4V” $11 Class P.L.V.
Batch of 6 given out 1 Aug 1872; received 11 Oct 1872; made up 18 Jun 1873.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Kurzendorfer.
“F Bombardon”, Class A39.
Given out 18 Dec 1873; received 31 Dec 1873; given to polisher 29 Dec 1873; entered in stock 31 Dec 1873.
Paid for batch of 1, Kurzr. 52/10d + Ghagan 27/3d; 4/-/1.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “F Bombardon A39”; entered in stock 31 Dec 1873; sold 31 Dec 1873 -> S.F. Gds.
not located ]

26578; pistons 16310 (C euphonium).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by V. Rockaerts.
“C Euphonion (new model)” $10 Class P.L.V. “(3 upper passages in each pump No 101/2)”.
Batch of 1 given out 19 Dec 1873; received 31 Dec 1873; made up 1 Jan 1874.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Kurzendorfer.
“C Bass (new pistons)”, Class A36.
Given out 1 Jan 1874; received 7 Jan 1874; given to polisher 8 Jan 1874; entered in stock 17 Jan 1874.
Paid for batch of 1, Kurzr. 29/3d + Ghagan 14/7d; 2/3/10.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “C Euphonion ``Perfected'' A33”; entered in stock 17 Jan 1874; sold 28 Apr 1874 -> Boosey & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], “C Euphonion (``perfected'') A36 26578”; entered in stock May 1874 as 14156; “To 1875”; “To 1876”.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Books], 14156 “C Euphonion Shields A84”; brought forward at 1 Jan 1882; “To 1883”; “To 1884”; “To 1885”; “To 1886”; (not mentioned 1 Jan 1896).
not located ]
Possibly first 4-valve compensating. If not, why larger upper passages ?

26652; pistons 15862 (ballad horn with crooks and tuning-slides for C alto to D basso; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & CO. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 26652”; on 2nd valve “11” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER” / “15862”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Ballad Horn” Class best.
Batch of 6 given out 29 Jul 1873; received 7 Oct 1873; made up 24 Jan 1874.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Bauer.
“Ballad horn best”.
Given out 24 Jan 1874; received 6 Feb 1874; given to polisher 11 Feb 1874; entered in stock 28 Feb 1874.
Paid for batch of 6, Bauer 901/2 hrs = 3/7/10 + Stanton 90 hrs 1/17/6; 5/5/4.
[no mention of extra ballad horn crooks other than B♭ in sundries section of W.O.B.]
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “Ballad Horn (plated & gilt) A best”; entered in stock 28 Feb 1874; sold 12 Mar 1874 -> Morgan.
[ Sotheby's London auction sale 8 November 1979 lot 128; Franz Streitwieser; Musica Kremsmünster 262 ]

12518; pistons 15902 (B♭ pocket cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / DISTIN & Co. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 12518”; stamped on 2nd valve “20” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”/ “15902”).
Auction on eBay ends 2008/Oct/02 ]

12622; pistons 16316 (B♭ cornet; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” / “DISTIN & Co. / MAKERS / 9 & 10 GRT. NEWPORT ST. / LONDON / 12622”; stamped on 2nd valve “17” / words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”/ “16316”).
Auction on eBay ends 2015/Dec/02 ]
Latest surviving “DISTIN & CO.”
Latest surviving bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “DISTIN” but not “TRADE MARK”

[ possibly 14069, see in gdsj ]
12707; pistons 15252 (B♭ cornet).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by Derkinderen.
“Cornet plain” $6 Class P.L.V.
Batch of 12 given out 12 Feb 1873; received 21 Mar 1873; made up 25 Feb 1874.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Seidel.
“B♭ Cornet”, Class B1A.
Given out 25 Feb 1874; received 6 Mar 1874; given to polisher 18 Mar 1874; entered in stock 16 Apr 1874.
Paid Seidel for batch of 6, 72 hrs; 1/19/0.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ cornet (plated) B1A”; entered in stock 16 Apr 1874; sold 20 Apr 1874 -> Boosey & Co.
[ Private collection ]

26770; pistons 16513 (ballad horn).
[ see 14229; pistons 16513
in gdsj ]
Note that the new serial number, 14229, is stamped on the instrument
Earliest surviving bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “TRADE MARK” and “DISTIN”
Earliest surviving bell with “BOOSEY & CO.” as makers
Earliest surviving bell with “295 REGENT STT”

26812; pistons 16563 (bass valve trombone in B♭; 1, 2, 3 compensating w.r.t. 4; stamped on bell with trumpet-and-banner trademark incorporating “TRADE MARK” and “DISTIN” / “Patent Light Valve / BOOSEY & Co. / MAKERS / 295 REGENT STT. / LONDON / 26812”; on 2nd valve with words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”, below “16563”).
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the pistons were made by V. Rockaerts.
“Tenor Trombone (For B♭ Bass)” $81/2 Class P.L.V. Remarks: “Perfected” (3 upper passages No 10)
Batch of 1 given out 27 Feb 1874; received 5 Mar 1874; made up 6 Mar 1874.
According to the firm's archives [work shop order books], the instrument was made by Jacob.
“B♭ Bass Trombone 4V”, Class A.
Given out 3 Mar 1874; received 25 Apr 1874; given to polisher 27 Apr 1874; entered in stock 20 May 1874.
Paid Jacob 47/3d + Squire 4/5d = 2/11/8.
According to the firm's archives [Distin & Co Stock Books], “B♭ Bass Trombone 4V A”; entered in stock 20 May 1874; sold to 20 May 1874 -> Boosey & Co.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Account Books], 14236, “B♭ Bass Trombone P.L.V ``Perf'' 4V 26812”; “To 1875”; “To 1876”.
According to the firm's archives [Boosey & Co Stock Books], 14236, “Bass Trombone 4 P.L.V Perfected”; in stock at 31 Dec 1881; “To 1883”; “To 1884”; “To 1885”; “To 1886”; (no mention at 31 Dec 1895).
[ Day 1891, item 419; Boosey & Hawkes Collection 633; Horniman Museum 2004.1209 ]
Note that the new serial number, 14236, is not stamped on the instrument
First `perfected' pistons definitely known to be 4-valve
Earliest surviving compensating pistons
Earliest surviving 4-valve compensating instrument
Latest surviving pistons with trademark of words forming an ellipse “DISTIN * LONDON *”, inside “MAKER”

Day (1891) wrote `This instrument was designed by Mr D.J. Blaikley and made as an experiment in 1874. The essential difference between the valve system employed, and any other previously designed on a “compensating” principle, lies in the reduction of the number of passages through the valves.'

References

C.R. Day, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Musical Instruments recently exhibited at the Royal Military Exhibition, London, 1890. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1891.

Arnold Myers, “Brasswind Innovation and Output of Boosey & Co in the Blaikley Era”. Historic Brass Society Journal (ISSN 1045-4616), 2002, 14 pp.391-423.

Eugenia Mitroulia and Arnold Myers, “The Distin Family as Instrument Makers and Dealers”. Scottish Music Review (Online ISSN 1755-4934), 2, No 1, Posted 21.1.11.


This publication has not been refereed and the responsibility for its content rests solely with the author.

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